ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
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УЖМБС 2020, 5(2): 271–282
Physical training and Sport. Theoretical and methodical aspects of physical education and sport

Peculiarities of Organization and the Content of Physical Training Systems in the Armed Forces of NATO Member States and Ukraine

Oderov A. 1, Klymovych V. 1, Pidleteychuk R. 2, Dobrovolsky V. 3, Korchagin M. 4

Modern military specialties require a higher level of requirements for the physical fitness and mental balance of a soldier, and the relatively short time spent in military service requires this training to begin in educational institutions during physical education classes. An important place in the process of improving the physical training system of the Ukrainian Armed Forces is occupied by the issue of determining indicators of monitoring the physical readiness of military personnel for combat training activities. Today, the military personnel of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are trained mainly by new techniques and systems that are maximally adapted to the actual conditions of the battle. In modern combat, servicemen have to move a lot in multi-kilogram equipment, often and quickly change positions, carry loads. Therefore, the usual physical exercises no longer provide the necessary level of endurance and strength. New challenges dictate new demands. The saturation of troops with sophisticated military equipment, the tension and dynamics of combat operations, the nature of military training and education of personnel, the need to maintain constant combat readiness of units require improved combat training. Exercise, like any activity that is performed over a period of time, has a strictly defined goal and provides the final result. The leading concept of the system for organizing the physical training of military personnel should be the theory of the transfering physical qualities, which in practical terms is in the positive impact of certain physical qualities on the performance of work in combat operations. During the reform period of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, it became possible to abandon the outdated methods of organizing physical training and introduce effective ones. An urgent issue before the development of new technologies is the study and analysis of the system for organizing the physical training of military personnel of the Armed Forces of the leading NATO countries. Conclusion. In order to analyze the current state of the physical fitness organization system, identify problematic aspects and ways to improve the physical fitness organization system in the Ukrainian Armed Forces, we analyzed, systematized and generalized the scientific literature of the leading NATO countries, documentary sources and guidance documents in the field of physical education and determined that the modern physical system training of the Armed Forces of Ukraine needs considerable improvement.

Keywords: physical readiness, military personnel, organization, control, physical fitness, system

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