ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 51 of 57
УЖМБС 2020, 5(1): 322–329

Peculiarities of Age Vegetology of Men in Young and Middle Age

Yermishev O. V.

The functional–vegetative diagnostics was suggested in order to determine the functional state of men organism by revealing age–specific features of the autonomic nervous system status. Material and methods. The method of V. Makats was used for conducting of functional vegetative diagnostics. We surveyed 80 men aged from 21 to 51 years. The bioelectric activity of 12 symmetric pairs of functionally active zones of the skin (24 FAZ) was studied (12 on the hands and 12 on the feet). They reflect the functional activity of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems. The obtained mA functional vegetative diagnostics data were translated into relative values. Results and discussion. For the first time, the methodology of functional vegetative diagnostics allowed to identify hypothetical acupuncture channels, to reveal their systemic interdependence and to prove its direct relation to the vegetative homeostasis of man. Acupuncture channels have an information–interdependent complex structure, which is controlled by cosmophysical dependence (functional two–hour biorhythm) and three types of systemic reactions: synchronous, asynchronous and paradoxical. We established the specificity of the influence of BL–SP channels on the directional activity of other systems: their excitation caused the suppression of other channels (and, conversely) and depended on the postures (ortho– and clinostatics) during the functional vegetative diagnostics. It was the vegetative coefficient kV, not the analysis of absolute values of indicators, that was used to determine the normal values of the vegetative states and deviations from the norm. The vegetative coefficient kV reflected the ratio of sympathetic and parasympathetic activity of YAN and YIN channels. The functional–vegetative system of the surveyed number of men was the specific biophysical reality with special system–vegetative dynamics. Directed systemic activity in the male adult group was characterized by functional instability and a "paradoxically chaotic" relationship that was difficult to analyse. The analysis of the data obtained in the male group of mature age (21–50 years) showed that 27.5% of the surveyed men were in the significant parasympathetic prevalence zone; in the expressed parasympathetic prevalence zone, 26.3%; in the functional compensation of parasympathetic activity zone 17.5%; in the vegetative equilibrium zone 11.3%; in the functional compensation of sympathetic activity zone 8.8%; in the expressed sympathetic prevalence zone 6.3% and in the significant sympathetic prevalence zone 2.5%. The analysis of the dispersion of levels of vegetative equilibrium of the mature men by "critical zones" showed that 53.8% of men were in the parasympathetic zone, 37.5% were in the functional equilibrium zone and 8.8% were in the sympathetic zone. Conclusion. The level of group parasympathicotonia revealed by us as a result of research showed the depletion and disturbance of the processes of adaptation and self–organization in the body.

Keywords: sympathicotonia, parasympathicotonia, vegetative homeostasis, vegetative coefficient, vegetative coefficient

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 327K

  1. Es`kov VM., Hadartsev AA., Filatova OE., Hadartseva KA. Vegetativnaya nervnaya sistema i funktsionalnaya assimetriya v gerontologii (obzor literaturyi). Vestnik novish meditsinskih tehnologiy. 2015; 1: 1–6. [Russian]
  2. Marcos–Pérez D, Sánchez–Flores M, Maseda A, Lorenzo–López L, Millán–Calenti JC, Pásaro E, et al. Serum cortisol but not oxidative stress biomarkers are related to frailty: results of a cross–sectional study in Spanish older adults. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2019; 82(14): 815–25. PMID: 31405343.
  3. Foster TC. Senescent neurophysiology: Ca2+ signaling from the membrane to the nucleus. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 2019; 164: 107064. PMID: 31394200.
  4. Menelaos LB. The aging of the endocrine hypothalamus and its dependent endocrine glands. Hormones. 2012; 11 (3) : 241–53. PMID: 22908058.
  5. Zaidi SK, Shen W, Azhar S. Impact of Aging on Steroid Hormone Biosynthesis and Secretion. Open Longevity Science. 2012; 6: 1–30.
  6. Subbalakshmi NK, Adhikari PM, Rajeev A, Asha K, Jeganathan PS. Singapore Independent predictors of cardiac parasympathetic dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Med J. 2008; 49(2): 121–8.
  7. Parashar R, Amir M, Pakhare A, Rathi P, Chaudhary L. Age Related Changes in Autonomic Functions. J Clin Diagn Res. 2016; 10 (3): 11–5. PMID: 27134865. PMCID: PMC4843251.
  8. Hunt NJ, Kang SWS, Lockwood GP, Le Couteur DG, Cogger VC. Hallmarks of Aging in the Liver. Comput Struct Biotechnol J. 2019; 17: 1151–61. PMID: 31462971. PMCID: PMC6709368.
  9. Krisko A, Radman M. Protein damage, ageing and age–related diseases. Open Biol. 2019; 9: 180249. PMID: 30914006. PMCID: PMC6451363.
  10. Donato AJ, Machin DR., Lesniewski LA. Mechanisms of Dysfunction in the Aging Vasculature and Role in Age–Related Disease. Circulation Research. 2018; 123(7): 825–48. PMID: 30355078. PMCID: PMC6207260.
  11. Angela YC, Vegard FS, Tyrovolas S, Kassebaum NJ, Dieleman JL. Measuring population ageing: an analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet Public Health. 2019; 4(3): 159–67.–2667(19)30019–2
  12. Mather M, Jacobsen LA., Pollard KM. Aging in the United States. Population Bulletin. 2015; 70(2): 1–23.
  13. Makats V, Makats Dm, Makats Den, Makats E. Pover–informational system of the person (biophysical basics of Tsen–Tsu Therapy). Vinnytsia: «Naukova Initsiatyva»; 2005. 215 p. [Ukrainian]
  14. Yermishev O. Peculiarities of functional–vegetative homeostasis of preschool–age females (first childhood). Biologija. 2019; 65(1): 56–65.
  15. Makats ОD. Biophysical atlas of functional systems. Modern rehabilitation technologies. 2015; 2(2): 11–8. [Ukrainian]
  16. Makats VG, Makats E, Makats Dm, Makats Den. First principle issue of functional rehabilitation identification of the traditional channels of Zhengyi therapy as the problem of functional rehabilitation. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2015; 5(8): 367–84. [Polish].
  17. Makats VG. Vegetative essence of acupuncture (functional–vegetative laws) information 14). Modern rehabilitation technologies. 2017; 3(6): 1–9. [Ukrainian]
  18. Makats VG, Makats E, Makats Dm, Makats Den. Sovremennyie problemyi diagnostiki vegetativnogo gomeostaza. Printsipialnaya originalnost novogo funktsionalnogo napravleniya (chast 1). Refleksoterapevt. 2011; 12: 3–21. [Russian]
  19. Makats VG, Nagajchuk VI, Makats EF, Yermishev OV. Uknown Chinese Acupuncture (Problems of Vegetative Pathogenesis). Vinnytsia: «Naukova Initsiatyva»; 2017. 286 p.
  20. NamKoong C, Song WJ, Kim CY, Chun DH, Shin S, Sohn JW, et al. Chemogenetic manipulation of parasympathetic neurons (DMV) regulates feeding behavior and energy metabolism. Neuroscience Letters. 2019; 712: 134356. PMID: 31470043.
  21. Baev VM, Agafonova TYu. Patogeneticheskaya rol avtonomnoy nervnoy sistemyi v remodelirovanii serdtsa pri arterialnoy gipotenzii u molodyih zhenschin. Cardiovascular Therapy and Prevention. 2019; 18(1): 67–72. [Russian]–8800–2019–1–67–72
  22. Baev V.M., Vagapov T.F., Shmeleva S.A. Severe parasympathicotonia in men with hypertension is accompanied by an increase in the chronic venous diseases’ signs. Russian Journal of Cardiology. 2019; 1: 52–5. [Russian]–4071–2019–1–52–55
  23. Dunaeva OV, Korovina LD. The Dependence of the Degree of Meteosensitivity on the State of the Cardiorespiratory System and the Presence of Prepathological Changes in The Body in Men and Women. World Science. Special Edition. 2019; 32–5. [Russian]