ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 29 of 45
УЖМБС 2023, 8(1): 208–213
Physical Therapy and Ergotherapy

Assessment of Functional Disorders of the Upper Limbs in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Nogas A. O.

The purpose of the study was to assess functional disorders of the upper limbs in patients with rheumatoid arthritis using the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire. Materials and methods. To assess the functional status of the affected upper limbs of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire was used, which consists of two scales: the Symptom Severity Scale and the Function Status Scale, which were filled out by the patients themselves. The study was conducted on the basis of rheumatology department of the Municipal Enterprise “Yuriy Semeniuk Rivne Regional Clinical Hospital” in Rivne during the period from 2016 to 2018. 216 patients took part in the examination, of which 178 (82%) were women and 38 (18%) were men. The patients’ age is from 25 to 59 years old (average age is 46 ± 0.24). The inclusion criteria were: the presence of an established diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis based on the ACR/EULAR 2010 criteria, and in accordance with the Order of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine dated April 11, 2014 No. 263 “Unified clinical protocol of primary, secondary, of tertiary medical care and medical rehabilitation of patients with rheumatoid arthritis”, the presence of informed consent of patients to participate in the study. Patients' rights were respected in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki “Ethical Principles of Medical Research Involving Human Subjects” developed by the World Medical Association, “Universal Declaration of Bioethics and Human Rights (UNESCO)”. Results and discussion. During the initial examination, it was found that the majority of patients had moderate (20.3%) and severe pain (16.6%) in the affected upper limbs (hands / wrists), which in the last two weeks had caused the patients to wake up at night: once – 10.6% of patients, 2–3 times –15.7% of patients. During the day, 20.3% of patients complained of moderate pain in a hand / wrist, and 17.5% of people were bothered by severe pain. The majority of patients (15.7%) noted that the pain lasted from 10 to 60 minutes. As for functional disorders, the greatest difficulties for patients occurred when buttoning clothes – 45.3%, doing household chores – 39.8%, and opening a bottle – 36.1% of patients. Manifestation of local symptoms of damage to the carpal tunnel affects the general physical and psychological condition of the patient. The patient loses work capacity, concentration, and the quality of his / her life decreases. Conclusion. Considering the above results, we are convinced of the need to implement the concept of physical rehabilitation/therapy, which would be able to reduce the level of existing functional disorders and improve the quality of life for patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Keywords: rheumatoid arthritis, questionnaire, carpal tunnel syndrome, functional disorders

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