ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 39 of 45
УЖМБС 2021, 6(6): 282–288

Reactivity of the Blood Microcirculation System in Primary School Children to the Temperature Factor

Stanishevska T. I., Gorna O. I., Kopylova T. V.

The purpose of the study was to investigate the adaptive capacity of the blood microcirculation system in children of primary school age for a functional test with heating. The article deals with the study of the blood microcirculation system in primary school children by laser Doppler flowmetry and the study of the reserve capacity of tissue blood flow in children on a test with increasing temperature factor. Materials and methods. The research was conducted on the basis of the laboratory of physiological research of the Department of Anatomy and Physiology of People and Animals of Bohdan Khmelnytsky Melitopol State Pedagogical University. The surveyed contingent consisted of 80 practically healthy children aged 6 to 9 years old, secondary school students in Melitopol. Based on a comprehensive morphofunctional study, we obtained data on individual-typological features of blood microcirculation in primary school children and the reserve capacity of tissue blood flow using functional tests. It is established that the adaptive features of the blood microcirculation system in boys and girls of early school age are due to different levels of local and central mechanisms of microvessel regulation. Results and discussion. The results obtained during the thermal test indicate different levels of reactivity of the body to increasing the temperature factor and the neurogenic vasoconstrictor effects of the sympathetic nervous system on the vessels of the arteriolar part of the microcirculatory tract. The reaction to the thermal test directly depends on the individual-typological features of blood microcirculation. Conclusion. At a ratio of reaction to thermal influence in children with various types of microcirculation, the maximum increase in tissue perfusion was observed in children with type III of laser Doppler flowgram. This level of microvascular reactivity, as well as the relatively rapid recovery of blood flow after thermal hyperemia is explained by the fact that children with hyperemic type of microcirculation have increased microvascular tone due to neurogenic effects of the sympathetic chain of tissue blood flow regulation. Children with the hypoemic type of microcirculation, on the other hand, have a somewhat reduced sympathetic tone relative to the normoemic type, as a result of which the reserve of capillary blood flow is reduced and the time of blood flow recovery after thermal exposure is prolonged

Keywords: thermal test, reactivity of the microcirculation system, laser Doppler flowmetry, primary school age

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 258K

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