ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 61 of 68
УЖМБС 2021, 6(5): 430–436

Excitation Indicators of 18-Year-Old Young People with Phlegmatic Type of Temperament

Rustamova T. V.

The relevance of the problem we are investigating lies in the fact that in recent years, the influence of unsatisfactory psychosocial, environmental factors and the biopsychosocial essence of a person leads to a violation of adaptation, the development of stress, the formation of psychosomatic disorders. This is also explained by the aggravation of contradictions. The purpose of the study was to explain the role of temperament in stressful influences by studying the methods of psychophysiological testing of students of various courses under the influence of examination stress, which is a model of emotional stress. The need for the development of a modern person as a person is becoming ever higher. There are several main criteria for assessing a person: social productivity, tolerance to emotional stress, creativity, special position in society, etc. All criteria are involved in the full formation of a person's personality and are considered important for assessing the level of his development. It is known that psychoemotional stress plays an important role in the occurrence of a number of serious diseases. Materials and methods. The study involved 5 phlegmatic male teenagers aged 18 years studying at the Faculty of Biology and Chemistry. In 18-year-old phlegmatic persons, the difference in assessments of situational and individual anxiety is obvious on a typical day, before and after the exam. It also depends on the nature and type of species. Measurement and comparison of the level of situational excitability on ordinary days among young people of 18 years old shows that among four groups (phlegmatic, choleric, sanguine and melancholic) the level of situational excitability on ordinary days does not differ significantly. Results and discussion. The results obtained during the study indicate that there is the effect of examination stress on the level of situational excitability of young people with phlegmatic type. Thus, an increased level of excitability in persons with a phlegmatic type against the background of the examined emotional stress can lead to changes in the state of human health and manifestations of a number of diseases. Based on this, in the educational process, certain approaches are recommended in accordance with the characteristics of the types of the nervous system, in which some diseases can be prevented. Conclusion. Analysis of the numerical average between the level of situational excitability and the situation after the exam shows that the level of situational excitability in the situation before the exam was only slightly higher than in the situation after the exam. An analysis of the numerical average between personal anxiety and the post-exam situation shows that the personal anxiety level was at the same level before and after the exam, and the change was not significant

Keywords: situational excitability, personal anxiety, types of temperament

Full text: PDF (Rus) 264K

  1. Ayzenk GYu. Kolichestvo izmereniy lichnosti: 16.5 ili 3 kriterii taksonomicheskoy paradigmy [Number of identity measurements: 16.5 or 3 Criteria of the taxonomic paradigm]. Inostrannaya psikhologiya. 1993; 1(2): 9-24. [Russian]
  2. Aleksandrov AG, Lukyanenok PI. Izmenenie urovnya trevozhnosti studentov v kontekste uchebnoy deyatelnosti [Changing the level of anxiety of students in the context of training activities]. Nauchnoe obrazovanie. Meditsinskie nauki. 2016; 6: 1-14. [Russian]
  3. Biryukova EV. Psikhofiziologicheskie pokazateli vysoko- i nizkorezultativnykh studentov pri razlichnom urovne motivatsii i nalichii obratnoy afferentatsii o khode vypolneniya kognitivnykh zadach [Psychophysiological indicators of high and low-incomerate students at a different level of motivation and presence of reverse affamentation of the progress of cognitive tasks]. Abstr. PhDr. (Med.). M; 2020. 24 s. [Russian]
  4. Zorin RA, Zhadnov VA, Lapkin MM. Elektrofiziologicheskie korrelyaty sistemnoy organizatsii fiziologicheskikh funktsiy u lits s raznoy effektivnostyu tselenapravlennoy deyatelnosti [Electrophysiological correlates of the systemic organization of physiological functions in individuals with different efficiency of targeted activities]. Vestnik novykh meditsinskikh tekhnologiy. 2016; 23(2): 44-49. [Russian]
  5. Korobeynikova II, Venerina YaA, Biryukova EV, Karatygin NA. Spektralnye kharakteristiki alfa-ritma EEG i vremennye parametry intellektualnoy deyatelnosti [Spectral characteristics of alpha rhythm EEG and temporal parameters of intellectual activity]. Psikhicheskoe zdorove. 2018; 6: 33-39. [Russian]
  6. Pavlova LP. Dominanty mozgovoy deyatelnosti cheloveka. Sistemnyy psikhofiziologicheskiy podkhod k analizu EEG [Dominants of human brain activity. System Psychophysiological Approach to EEG Analysis]. SPb: Inform navigator; 2017. 432 s. [Russian]
  7. Rustamova TV. Vliyanie ekzamenatsionnogo stressa na amplitudu voln EEG v temnoy oblasti mozga u studentov biologo-khimicheskogo fakulteta s razlichnymi individualno-tipologicheskimi osobennostyami [Effect of examination stress on the amplitude of EEG waves in the dark area of the brain in the students of the Bio-Chemical Faculty with various individually typological features]. J Life ScBEnces Ndriculture. 2020; 12(5): 97-112. [Russian]
  8. Stankova EP, Myshkin IYu. Vliyanie individualnykh osobennostey EEG i psikhofiziologicheskie kharakteristiki na vremya reaktsii [Effect of individual features of EEG and psycho-physiological characteristics for the reaction time]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya. 2014; 1: 334. [Russian]
  9. Yumatov EA, Glazachev OS, Pertsov SS. Psikhofiziologicheskoe sostoyanie studentov pri emotsionalnom stresse [Psychophysiological state of students with emotional stress]. Vestnik psikhofiziologii. 2019; 1: 19-29. [Russian]
  10. Rustamova T. Situational Excitement Indicators of the Examination Process Influence to the Nervous System in 17 and 20-Year-Old Students in I and IV Courses Depending on Their Types of Temperament. Bulletin of ScBEnce and Practice. 2020; 6(8): 55-64. 2948/57/07