ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
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УЖМБС 2020, 5(5): 258–264
Physical Therapy and Ergotherapy

Analysis of the Influence of Demographic Indicators on Satisfaction with Stationary Physical Therapy among Cardiosurgical Patients

Vitomskyi V. V. 1,2

The purpose of the study was to assess satisfaction with physical therapy received during a stay in a cardiac surgery hospital, and to investigate the influence of gender and age of patients on its level. Material and methods. The study involved 87 patients (men n = 56; women n = 31; age 61.59±11.41 years) who underwent cardiac surgery. An adapted version of the Physical Therapy Satisfaction Questionnaire was used to assess satisfaction, which consisted of 17 statements. The obtained results were processed by methods of mathematical statistics. As the results of the vast majority of indicators did not comply with the law of normal distribution, the median (Me) and upper and lower quartiles (25%; 75%) were calculated. For the results of indicators that corresponded to the law of normal distribution, the mean value and the standard deviation (±S) were additionally calculated. To assess the significance of the difference, in the presence of a normal distribution of research results, Student's t-test (for independent groups) was used, and for indicators with a different distribution than normal, Mann-Whitney U-test (for independent groups) and χ2 test were used. Spearman's correlation rank criterion was used to study the effect of age on satisfaction with physical therapy. Results and discussion. Comparison of the results of men and women did not reveal significant differences in the results of the survey. Only two items (explaining the reasons for physical therapy; waiting after the appointment) out of seventeen had a significant inverse relationship with age, but its strength was weak. The results of all points of satisfaction with physical therapy were high. Most patients agreed or completely agreed with the statement of the questionnaire. The answer "uncertain" was observed much less often. In the analysis of the obtained indicators of satisfaction in the general sample of patients, the best results were obtained in the seventh item of the questionnaire (friendliness and politeness), the thirteenth (respect for the physical therapist) and the first (explanation of the reasons for physical therapy). The lowest scores were obtained in the third (the feeling the correct diagnosis of physical therapists), fifth (access to the necessary physical therapists for feedback on physical therapy procedures), sixteenth (matching the patient's ability to physical therapy). The reasons which could influence decrease in estimates in indicators with the lowest results are considered. The total score of all items was 81 (77; 85) points. Taking into account that the theoretical maximum is 85 points and a minimum of 17 points (with the answers "strongly disagree" in all points), the median was 94% of the maximum result, which further confirms the high level of patient satisfaction. Conclusion. The age and sex of cardiac surgery patients did not affect the level of satisfaction with physical therapy. The survey of patients confirmed a high level of satisfaction

Keywords: cardiac surgery, rehabilitation, therapeutic exercises, quality

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 299K

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