ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 62 of 67
УЖМБС 2020, 5(4): 450–455
Physical training and Sport. Theoretical and methodical aspects of physical education and sport

Analysis of the Level of Special Physical Fitness of the First Year Cadets

Lashta Viktor 1, Fedak Serhiy 1, Khanikyan Helen 2

Progressive changes in the forms of combat use of units and increase the number of members of the Armed Forces of Ukraine has created the urgent problem of the comprehensive reform in the process of education and training of cadets in higher military educational institutions of Ukraine, because no unit can function effectively without quality leadership. The practice of organization of educational process in higher military educational institutions showed that during performing standards for professional (military) training in the chosen specialty some students of the first year cannot stand the physical and mental load. This is due to the fact that a number of students choose their future profession without knowing about the high requirements for physical fitness and particularly the specifics of the military profession, which in turn leads to a decrease in the results of the professional tasks and a low resistance to physical stress. The purpose of the study was to examine the dynamics of the level of special physical fitness of the first year cadets. Material and methods. The study was conducted in two stages, based on the Hetman Petro Sahaidachny National Army Academy. We analyzed the performance of exercises by the cadets of mechanized, armored, artillery and engineering units. Testing was conducted according to the Temporary instruction in physical training in the Armed Forces of Ukraine for exercises which determine the level of special physical readiness of cadets. Results and discussion. The analysis of the level of special physical fitness of cadets showed that in the course of the study for all the test exercises there was no significant improvement of results (p0.05). In addition, the performance of the cadets of the artillery units in the run to 1100 meters with obstacle at the end of the study significantly worsened by 1.05% and the students of the engineering departments by 1.20%. Analysis of 5 km running showed a reliable worsening of results in the second stage of the study: the students of the artillery units – by 1.28%, and the cadets of engineering units – by 0.46%, but not statistically significant. Conclusion. The study showed that regardless of the specialty of cadets of the first year of study, the results of the level of special physical fitness had no significant positive trends. The cadets of the artillery and engineering units even showed a significant deterioration. Taking into account the above said, it can be argued that the current program of physical training in National Army Academy is effective enough.

Keywords: specialty, training, physical training, cadet

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 229K

  1. Olkhovyy O, Klymovych V, Romanchuk S. Optymizatsiya systemy fizychnoyi pidgotovky kursantiv [Optimization of cadets physical training system]. Teoriya i metodyka fiz. vykhovannya i sportu. 2016; 2: 38-42. [Ukrainian]
  2. Oderov A, Romanchuk S, Fedak S, Kuznetsov M, Petruk A, Dunets-Lesko A, et al. Innovative approaches for evaluating physical fitness of servicemen in the system of professional training. Journal of Physical Education and Sport. 2017; 17(3): 23-7.
  3. Romanchuk SV. Teoretyko-metodologichni zasady fizychnoyi pidgotovky kursantiv viyskovykh navchalnykh zakladiv Sukhoputnykh viysk Zbroynykh syl Ukrayiny [Theoretical and methodological ambushes of physical training of cadets of high-grade entry-level mortgages Land search of the Ukrainian Forces]. Abstr. Dr. Sci. (Physical Ed&Sport.). Lviv; 2013. 540 s. [Ukrainian]
  4. Petrachkov O. Analiz vzayemozv’yazku mizh fizychnoyu ta profesiynoyu pidgotovlenistyu u viyskovosluzhbovtsiv riznykh viyskovykh spetsialnostey [Analysis of the interdependence of physical and professional training among the trainees of the military tracing specialties]. Teoriya i metodyka fiz vykhovannya i sportu. 2007; 4: 67-9. [Ukrainian]
  5. Verenga YV. Zv’yazok pokaznykiv fizychnoyi pidgotovlenosti ta fizychnogo stanu i zdorov’ya pratsivnykiv MVS Ukrayiny na etapi profesiynogo stanovlennya [The sound of indications of physical fitness and that of physical and healthy practice of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine at the stages of professional development]. Naukovyy chasopys Nats ped un-tu imeni MP Dragomanova. Seriya 15. Naukovo-pedagogichni problemy fiz kultury (fiz. kultura i sport). 2014; 5(48): 12-7. [Ukrainian]
  6. Krasota VM. Viyskovo-prykladna fizychna pidgotovka kursantiv [Military-applied physical training of cadets]. Slobozhanskyy naukovo-sport visnyk. 2014; 2(40): 85-9. [Ukrainian]
  7. Oderov AM, Fedak SS, Kuznetsov MV. Fizychna pidgotovlenist maybutnikh ofitseriv Zbroynykh Syl Ukrayiny [Physical training of future officers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine]. Moloda sportyvna nauka Ukrayiny. 2016; 20(2): 274-8. [Ukrainian]
  8. Romanchuk SV. Innovatsiyni tekhnologiyi organizatsiyi fizychnoyi pidgotovky v navchalnykh zakladakh Zbroynykh Syl Ukrayiny [Innovative technologies for the organization of physical training in educational institutions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine]. Naukovyy chasopys Natsionalnogo pedagogichnogo universytetu im MP Dragomanova. Seriya 15. Naukovo–pedagogichni problemy fizychnoyi kultury (fizychna kultura i sport). 2016; 1(70): 157-62. [Ukrainian]
  9. Romanchuk SV. Fizychna pidhotovka kursantiv viiskovykh navchalnykh zakladiv Sukhoputnykh viisk Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy [Physical training of cadets of military educational institutions of the Ground Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine]. L: ASV; 2012. 408 s. [Ukrainian]
  10. Nakaz General Headquarters of the Armed Forces of Ukraine № 35 vid 11.02.2014. Tymchasova nastanova z fizychnoi pidhotovky v Zbroinykh Sylakh Ukrainy [Temporary instruction on physical training in the Armed Forces of Ukraine]. K; 2014. 158 s. [Ukrainian]
  11. Pichuhin MF, Hryban HP, Romanchuk VM, Romanchuk V. Fizychne vykhovannia viiskovosluzhbovtsiv [Physical education of military personnel]. Zhytomyr: ZhVI NAU; 2011. 820 s. [Ukrainian]
  12. Afonin VM, Yena MO, Potsiluiko PV. Fizychna pidhotovlenist maibutnikh ofitseriv Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy [Physical training of future officers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine]. Moloda sportyvna nauka Ukrainy. 2015; 20(2): 129-34. [Ukrainian]