ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 49 of 61
УЖМБС 2019, 4(5): 314–318
Humanitarian issues of medicine and problem of teaching at the higher school

Inclinations and Motives for Choosing a Profession for Students-Future Paramedics

Lekhan V., Maksymenko O.

The representative of each type of profession has its own set of personal qualities that contribute to the successful mastery of the profession. The purpose of the study was to study the inclinations and motives of the choice of the medical profession by students, in the specialty “General Medicine” of medical colleges. Material and methods. We surveyed 401 students using the methodology proposed by S. Yu. Daukilas et al for the study of inclinations to the future profession and the study of the motives for choosing a profession. 42.9% of these students were freshmen and 57.1% were the fourth year students. Results and discussion. The majority of respondents, according to their inclinations, made a profession choice in the job type “Man-Man”. In 88.5 ± 2.3%, future paramedics demonstrated focus on professional activities of working with people, while 66.2 ± 3.5 % of students thought they could solve conflict situations, and 73.1 ± 3.1 % of students believed that they could patiently explain to people what they did not understand. “I do not like to solve problems related to knowledge in the field of mathematics and physics” chose 67.6 ± 3.3% for students, and 50.6 ± 3.5 % would not like to engage in professional activities that require knowledge of the laws of the exact sciences. 79.8 ± 2.9 % of students chose the profession of a medical worker consciously in order to express themselves in the profession. During the period of study the power of this motive increased significantly (from 76.2 ± 3.3 % among freshmen to 83.4 ± 2.5 % for graduates, p<0.04). In the future profession, the purpose of their life is 69,5 ± 3.2 % of students. However, in the process of learning, the number of those who are inclined to think so decreased by 13.2 % (p <0.04). 41.8 ± 3.5 % of students saw the advantage of their future specialty in giving them more opportunities to go to work in other countries and in the learning process the proportion of such students was growing (35.1 ± 3.7 % of freshmen compared to 48.5 ± 3.3 % graduates; p<0,001). Conclusions. The study showed that the students were motivated to choose their medical profession with the method of self-reproducing for the first time and later the strength of this motive grew. The role of some motivational factors in the field of professional life, such as a personal pattern, personal life, self-satisfaction were not so well formed. We also fixed a great motivation to implement professional knowledge abroad.

Keywords: inclinations, motives, profession, students, paramedics

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