ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 52 of 56
УЖМБС 2018, 3(6): 323–327
Physical training and Sport. Medical and biological aspects of training athletes

Changing the Body Composition Parameters in Women of Both Periods of the Mature Age Engaged in Power Fitness

Titova H. V.

Results of the research on determining impact of experimental models of training in strength fitness on body composition parameters among women aged 21 to 55 years are represented in the article. To perform the task and achieve the aim of the study we have formed two research groups: 1) women aged 21 to 35 years; 2) women aged 36 to 55 years. As a result we have discovered that studied parameters of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) during the usage of proposed models of training for three months show the same dynamics in both groups, but with rather different progression. The body fat index of women aged 21 to 35 years reduced by 7.9% (p <0.05) during the experiment compared with the initial data. This indicator in the group of people aged 36 to 55 years also shown a decline, but only by 3.8% (p <0,05) over the same period of time. This dynamics was also fixed while examining other indicators of the body composition throughout the experiment period. Thus, we can assume that women of the first group consume more energy in these conditions of intense muscular activity in comparison with those of the other group. At the same time, the analysis of the results of the experiment shown that the level of primary adaptation to loads of strength character was higher in the members of the second group regardless of their age and significantly higher initial parameters of body composition.

Keywords: strength fitness, adaptive changes, women of mature age, load, body composition, bioelectrical impedance analysis

Full text: PDF (Ua) 238K

  1. Chernozub AA. Features of adaptive reactions in humans under power fitness. Physiological journal. 2015; 61(5): 99-107.
  2. Chernozub AA. The security and critical levels of physical activity for trained and untrained persons in muscle performance power orientation. Physiological journal. 2016; 62(2): 110-6.
  3. Complex KM-AP-01 “Diamant-AST” (body composition analyzer): the manual. Sankt-Peterburg: Diamant; 2007. 18 p. [Russian]
  4. Goto K, Ishii N, Kizuka T, Kraemer RR, Honda Y, Takamatsu K. Hormonal and metabolic responses to slow movement resistance exercise with different durations of concentric and eccentric actions. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 2009; 106(5): 731-9.,1007 / s00421-009-1075-9
  5. Kraemer RR, Castracane VD. Endocrine alterations from concentric vs. Eccentric muscle actions: a brief review. Metabolism. 2015; 64(2): 190-201.,1016/j.metabol.2014.10.024
  6. Kudrya O. Adaptation of the cardiovascular system of athletes to loads of different nature. Tomsk State University Journal. 2012; 3(356): 162-6. [Russian]
  7. Martín-Hernández J, Marín PJ, Menéndez H, Ferrero C, Loenneke JP, Herrero AJ. Muscular adaptations after two different volumes of blood flow – restricted training. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2013; 23(2): 114-20.,1111/sms.12036
  8. Martirosov EG, Nikolaev DV, Rudnev SG. Technologies and methods for determining body composition. Moscow: Nauka; 2006. 248 p. [Russian]
  9. Meerson F, Pshennikova, MG. Adaptation to stress and physical loading. Moscow: Meditsina; 1988. 256 p. [Russian]
  10. Nasledov A. IBM SPSS Statistics 20 and AMOS: professional statistical analysis of data. Sankt-Peterburg: Piter; 2013. 416 p. [Russian]
  11. Philippe A, Py G, Favier FB, Sanchez AM, Bonnieu A, Busso T, Candau R. Modeling the responses to resistance training in an animal experiment study. Biomed Res Int. 2015; 2015: 914860.
  12. Platonov VN. The system of training athletes in the Olympic sport. General theory and its practical applications. Kiev: Olimpiyskaya literatura; 2004. 808 p. [Russian]
  13. Platonov VN. Urgent and long-term adaptation of athletes during the training. Adaptatsyya sportsmenov k trenyrovochnym nagruzkam. K: Kyevskyy gosudarstvennyy ynstytut fyzycheskoy kultury. 1984: 10-29. [Russian]
  14. Plews D, Laursen PB, Stanley J, Kilding AE, Buchheit M. Training adaptation and heart rate variability in elite endurance athletes: opening the door to effective monitoring. Sports Med. 2013; 43(9): 773–81.
  15. Netreba AI, Popov DV, Bravyi YaR, Misina SS, Vinogradova OL. Physiological effects of low-intensity strength training without relaxation. Human physiology. 2009; 35(4): 479-83.
  16. Seynnes OR, Kamandulis S, Kairaitis R, Helland C, Campbell EL, Brazaitis M, Skurvydas A, Narici MV. Effect of androgenic-anabolic steroids and heavy power training on patellar tendon morphological and mechanical properties. Journal of Applied Physiology, (2013). 115 (1), 84-9.,1152/japplphysiol.01417.2012