ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 51 of 56
УЖМБС 2018, 3(6): 319–322
Physical training and Sport. Medical and biological aspects of training athletes

Correction of the Functional State of the Vegetative Nervous System of Qualified Basketball Players

Talib H.

Modern training and competitive load of qualified athletes make significant demands on the energy supply system and functions regulation. The functional state of the autonomic nervous system plays a key role in sport activity. Depending on the nature of the regulation mechanisms, the level of physiological reserves and the physiological adaptation price of the main adaptive systems, we determined the stability of the athlete's body to the training and competitive load. The purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of using means of correction of the functional state of the autonomic nervous system of qualified basketball players. Material and methods. We examined 18 qualified basketball players, the average age was 18.28±1.76. The study was conducted in compliance with World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki – Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects and approved by the Ethics Committee of the Ministry of Education of Baghdad. We obtained a written consent from all the participants before investigation. The program of remedial measures included the means of yoga therapy, autogenic training, regulated breathing exercises, taking into account violations of vegetative regulation, differentiated sports massage. Results and discussion. After the application of the course of correctional measures in the COs, there was a significant decrease in the stress index by 121.53 cu (p <0.01), as well as the index of vegetative regulation – by 125.14 cu (p <0.001); in the GP the decrease of the above-mentioned indicators occurred only by 33.40 (p> 0.05) and 33.76 cu (p> 0,05), respectively, indicating a decrease in the degree of centralization of rhythm management and activity of the sympathetic department of the autonomic nervous system. We noted that differentiated application of yoga therapy, respiratory exercises, autogenous training contributed to the intensification of parasympathetic and baroreflex effects on the cardiovascular system, reducing the tension of vegetative regulation, activation of compensatory mechanisms of long-term adaptation in athletes. At the end of the forming experiment we observed significant differences between the groups in almost all parameters of heart rate variability (p<0.05-0.01), except for the vegetative index and the index of activity ratio of the sympathetic and parasympathetic units. Conclusions: The study showed that the developed program of remedial measures for qualified basketball players helped to increase the tolerance of the autonomic nervous system to various stress factors, as well as to enhance the compensatory and adaptive mechanisms of long-term adaptation.

Keywords: qualified basketball players, recovery, central hemodynamics, adaptation

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 186K

  1. Korobejnikov GV, Korobejnikova LG, My`shhenko VS. Analiz variabel`nosti sercevogo ry`tmu sportsmeniv vy`sokoyi kvalifikaciyi v umovax nestacionarny`x procesiv. Medy`chna informaty`ka ta inzheneriya. 2016; 1: 81–2. [Ukrainian]
  2. Korsun S, Shaposhnikova I, Pomeshhy`kova I. Doslidzhennya adaptacijny`x mozhly`vostej funkcional`nogo stanu organizmu basketbolistiv do fizy`chny`x navantazhen` u xodi mikrocy`klu pidgotovchogo periodu trenuvannya. Slobozhans`ky`j naukovo-sporty`vny`j visny`k. 2018; 3: 22–6. [Ukrainian]
  3. Kuz'mynchuk AP, Hradusov VO. Vyznachennya ta otsinka fizychnoyi pratsezdatnosti studentiv–basketbolistiv. Slobozhans'kyy naukovo-sportyvnyy visnyk. 2016; 2: 61–4. [Ukrainian]
  4. Kozyna ZhL, Kozhukhar LV, Sobko IM. Metodyka vidnovlennya pratsezdatnosti iz zastosuvannyam banochnoho masazhu ta autohennoho trenuvannya basketbolistok student•s'kykh komand. Pedahohika, psykholohiya ta medyko–biolohichni problemy fizychnoho vykhovannya i sportu. 2015; 5: 16–22. [Ukrainian]
  5. Ody`necz` TYe, Briskin YuA. Zasoby` vidnovlennya funkcional`nogo stanu sercevo-sudy`nnoyi sy`stemy` kvalifikovany`x basketbolistok. Ukrayins`ky`j zhurnal medy`cy`ny`, biologiyi ta sportu. 2017; 2(9): 42–6. [Ukrainian]
  6. Shevchuk TYa, Romanyuk AP. Osobly`vosti variabel`nosti sercevogo ry`tmu v sportsmeniv igrovy`x vy`div sportu ta legkoatletiv. Visny`k Zaporiz`kogo nacional`nogo universy`tetu. Biologichni nauky`. 2015; 2: 174–4. [Ukrainian]
  7. Lin ZP, Chen YH, Fan C, Wu HJ, Lan LW, Lin JG. Effects of auricular acupuncture on heart rate, oxygen consumption and blood lactic acid for elite basketball athletes. Am J Chin Med. 2011; 39(6): 1131–8.
  8. Moreno J, Ramos–Castro J, Rodas G, Tarragó JR, Capdevila L. Individual recovery profiles in basketball players. Span J Psychol. 2015; 24: 18–23.
  9. Malik M, Bigger Th, Camm AJ, Kleiger RE, Malliani A, Moss AJ, Schwartz PJ. Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology. Heart rate variability. Standards of measurement, physiological interpretation, and clinical use. Eur Heart J. 1996; 17(3): 354–81.
  10. Sánchez–Ureña B, Martínez–Guardado I, Crespo C, Timón R, Calleja–González J, Ibañez SJ, Olcina G. The use of continuous vs. intermittent cold water immersion as a recovery method in basketball players after training: a randomized controlled trial. Phys Sportsmed. 2017; 45: 134–9.