The aim of the article is to prove the necessity of fundamental studies on the examination of the third molars role in the development of infectious-inflammatory complications in the jaws’ traumatic injuries. Current examination is based on detailed analysis of literature sources. Special literature was analyzed towards the following issues: the number of pathology of third molars, the number of traumatic injuries of the jaw bones, the frequency of traumatic injuries of the jaw bones, the etiological factors of infectious-inflammatory complications development when the cause is third molar teeth, the well-known and innovational methods of such pathological processes diagnosis and treatment. It was found out that, based on the principles of evidence-based medicine and the results of a comprehensive retrospective, experimental and clinical laboratory studies, nowadays no coherent scheme of a differentiated approach to the removal of third molars exists for the prevention of infectious-inflammatory complications development in the jaws’ traumatic injuries.
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