ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
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УЖМБС 2021, 6(5): 356–361
Physical Therapy and Ergotherapy

On the Issue of Functional Vestibular Disorders and Methods of Their Correction in Foreign Students

Kyrychenko M. P., Shenger S. V., Goncharova A. V., Dunaeva O. V.

Vestibular stimulations influence the somatic-vegetative functions of the organism, including the muscular system. The prevalence of a sedentary lifestyle among students and, especially foreign students, in combination with a prolonged fixed position of the head, promotes to the development of functional-vestibular disorders. This affects both the academic progress and health state of these students. The purpose of the work was to study the influence of vestibular disorders of the motor and visual analyzers, with the following correction of these disorders by using relax gymnastics with yoga elements. Materials and methods. The study was carried out during 4 months, and included 52 students from India, studying at the 2nd year of Kharkiv National Medical University. A block of anamnestic and diagnostic-instrumental research methods was used. Results and discussion. As a result of the observations, it was found that the initial level of body physical development and the degree of an adequacy of the mode of mental work and rest to the nature of the educational process play a large role in the degree of occurrence of vestibular reactions. Particular attention was paid to the assessment of vestibular stability, which was reduced in 21 out of 52 students, which was noted on the basis of the presence of 2 or more parameters defined during the study. These students were included in the experimental group (12 people) and the control group (9 people). All these students had either a reduced level of physical development or various deviations in the level of body physical development. For the students of experimental group three-months cycle of relax-training gymnastics with yoga elements was proposed. For all students, vestibular irritations reduced the accuracy of the performed movements, but for students with a reduced level of physical development, these indicators were worse and more stable. As a result, the students of the experimental group demonstrated positive dynamics of the correction for vestibular adaptation to the studying process in comparison with the students of the control group that did not demonstrate the same results. Conclusion. The results of the investigation which was carried out allow to formulate the following conclusions: 1) Vestibular reactions depend on the initial level of physical development of students and the nature of the educational process; 2) Regular stimulations of the vestibular apparatus on the background of relaxation and training exercises with yoga elements contribute to an increase in the motor functions of the body; 3) Vestibular irritations cause more frequent and expressed somatic reactions in comparison with vegetative ones

Keywords: analyzers, foreign students, vestibular disorders, corrective gymnastics, yoga

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