ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
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УЖМБС 2021, 6(3): 206–211
Clinical Medicine

Disease Management in the Fungal Body of the Maxillary Sinus in People with Planned Dental Implantation

Shkorbotun Ya. V. 1,2

The fungal ball is the most common clinical form of fungal etiology sinusitis. The main method of treatment of patients with this pathology is surgery. Achieving complete removal of the fungal body is important, especially in patients who will have planned dental implantation. Among the accesses to the maxillary sinus in cases of the fungal body of the sinus, the most common one is through the middle meatus, but it does not provide visual control of the anterior parts of the sinus during the intervention. The use of modified infraturbinal access provides better opportunities for examination of the anterior parts of the maxillary sinus. The purpose of the study is to increase the effectiveness of surgical treatment of patients with fungal bodies of the maxillary sinus by optimizing access during endoscopic endonasal intervention. Materials and methods. The data of 113 patients with fungal ball of maxillary sinuses who underwent sinusotomy in preparation for dental implantation were analyzed. Cone beam computed tomography of paranasal sinuses of patients were performed twice – before functional endoscopic sinus surgery and before subantral augmentation of the maxillary bone. Group 1 included 78 patients to whom the fungal balls were removed from the sinus through the middle nasal meatus, group 2 – 35 patients to whom, in cases when it was impossible to visually confirm the completeness of removal of the fungal ball from the anterior area of the sinus, an additional infraturbinal approach was performed in our modification. Results and discussion. According to tomography before rhinosurgery it was established that "blackout" of more than 60% of the sinus space is observed in 50.5% of patients with fungal bodies, with the vast majority of patients (88.1%) fungal bodies in the maxillary sinus are located in its lower parts and spread forward from the nasolacrimal canal level. During sinus rehabilitation, the need for additional infraturbinal access arose in 5 (14.3%) patients of the second group. As a result of its performance in all 5 operated patients polyposis-altered tissues were found in "blind zones" and in 2 (5.7%) – there were also remains of a fungal body. Residual fungal bodies in the maxillary sinus were detected in 3 (3.9% CI 95% – 0.01; 11.6) patients of the first group, and were not observed in the second group. All cases of residual fungal masses in the sinus were not accompanied by specific complaints. A revision of sinusitis with fungal masses removing was performed on 3 patients due to the appearance of residual fungal bodies by preformed antrostomy with local anesthesia. Conclusion. Anthrostomy using additional endoscopic infraturbinal access when removing the fungal body from the lower anterior maxillary sinus is the optimal combined access that allows maximum visualization of the maxillary sinus and avoid recurrence of the disease

Keywords: fungal ball, endoscopic sinusotomy, infraturbinal access, computed tomography

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 280K

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