ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
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УЖМБС 2021, 6(3): 128–134
Experimental Medicine and Morphology

Relationship between the Activity of Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 and -9 in Myocardial Homogenate with Changes of the Cells Composition in the Coronary Arteries Wall in the Experiment

Tryasak N. S., Kozlova Yu. V.

Matrix metalloproteinases are involved in a complex multifactorial process of atherosclerotic plaque formation and play a leading role in the degradation of the extracellular matrix components and increase the migratory activity of cellular elements of the vascular wall. Despite a number of scientific studies, it is necessary to identify clear biochemical markers for the development of atherosclerotic lesions. The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between the activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 in myocardial homogenate with changes of the cells composition in the coronary arteries wall in experimental atherosclerosis. Materials and methods. The studies were performed on 76 nonlinear rats, which were divided into 3 groups: group Ia was the control (n=20) – animals, injected intracutaneously with 0.1 ml of 0.9 % sodium chloride solution; Ib – comparison group (n=20) – animals injected with incomplete Freund’s adjuvant at the dose of 0.1 ml intracutaneously and II – experimental group (n=36), which were immunized with native human low-density lipoprotein at a single dose of 200 μg, diluted in 0.1 ml of incomplete Freund’s adjuvant, regardless of the weight. The experiment lasted for 20 weeks. Material sampling was performed, starting from the 4th week after the drug administration. From the coronary arteries and the adjacent myocardium, microslides were made according to the generally accepted technique, which were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, according to the methods of Van Gizon, Mallory and Sudan III. The activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 was determined by enzyme-zimografic method. Results and discussion. The growth of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity in atherosclerotic lesions showed stages of degradation of extracellular matrix components: the dynamics of matrix metalloproteinase-2 activity during the experiment increased from 109.1±1.23 % at the 12th week to 127.32±0.99 % at the 20th week. The increased activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 was associated with an increase in the number of leukocytes and macrophages, including foam cells. The activity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 reached the highest values of 98.24±0.82% at the 8th period from the onset of changes to the final level of 86.26±0.54% at the maximum terms of the experiment. Conclusion. The growing activity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 indicated the development of early atherosclerotic lesions, while the high level of activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 indicated significant structural changes in the wall of the coronary arteries

Keywords: atherosclerosis, coronary arteries, matrix metalloproteinases, rats

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