ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 47 of 50
УЖМБС 2021, 6(1): 332–338

Influence of Examınatıon Stress on Vegetatıve Indıcators ff 17-21-Year-Old Students-Phlegmatıcs

Rustamova T. V.

Exam stress is one of the numerous causes of complex psychophysiological stress in students. One of the modern problems of electrophysiology is the study of the action mechanism of high levels of anxiety in students during and after the examination. The speed of development of the lifestyle of young people and an increase in the level of stress in the environment lead to a change in the relationship in the adaptive function of the body and the emergence of various kinds of deviations. Examination stress is accompanied by the emergence of many complex neurophysiological changes in the body, which negatively affects the life of young men. In all cases, young people strive to achieve their goals, which in itself leads to emotional stress. One of them is the study of the functioning of the nervous system during emotional stress and clarification of the role of various types of the higher nervous system in this. Despite a comprehensive study of this problem, this issue still remains relevant, and the study of the mechanisms of the anxiety process continues. The article presents the results of changes in the level of situational and personal anxiety of the examination process on the indicators of the autonomic nervous system in I and V year students, at the age of 17-21 years, having a type of phlegmatism. Before the beginning of the experiment, the type of temperament was determined by G. Eisenk test. Material and methods. To determine the level of situational and personal anxiety (emotional tension) of 17–21-year-olds, having the phlegmatic type of temperament, we used the method of expressive test two days before the exam, 30 minutes before the exam and 30 minutes after the exam. In all three groups, arterial pressure was measured using the Korotkova method and pulpator method of determining the heart rate per minute. Vegetative tone was calculated based on the Kerdo vegetative index. Results and discussion. The obtained results showed that 17-year-old phlegmatics-first-year students observed differences between the frequencies of cardiac contraction and arterial pressure two days before the exam, 30 minutes before the exam and 30 minutes after the exam. In all groups, the test had a sympathetic character, which testifies to the superiority of the sympathetic nervous system in the duration of the entire examination period. In 21-year-old students-phlegmatics course-vegetative indicators in two days before the exam, 30 minutes before the exam and 30 minutes after the exam differred slightly in comparison with 17-year-olds. Similarly, the Kerdo vegetative index of the 17-year-old students-phlegmatics and 21-year-old students-phlegmatics in all groups had the sympathetic character. This is also evidence of the prevalence of a sympathetic disorder of the sympathetic process used to optimize academic performance, correction of exam stress and protection of students' health

Keywords: situational anxiety, personal anxiety, types of central nervous system, type of temperament

Full text: PDF (Rus) 332K

  1. Dvoenosov VG. Features of the functional and psychological state of students with different vegetative tone in conditions of examination stress. Uchen zap Kazan un-ta. Seria Natural Science. 2009; 151: 215-228.
  2. Aleksandrov AG, Lukyanenok PI. Changing the levels of anxiety of students in the conditions of educational activity. Scientific education. Medical sciences. 2016; 6: 1-14.
  3. Muzhichenko MV. The relationship of the state of the cardiovascular system of adolescents with the level of anxiety. Sat articles of the International Scientific and Practical Conference "Science, Education and Innovation". Saratov; MTSI "Omega Sains"; 2016. p. 14-16.
  4. Schwarzer Ch, Buchwald P. Examination stress: measurement and coping. Anxiety, Stress & Coping. An Intern J. 2003; 16(3): 247-249.
  5. Bratsas C, Papadelis C, Konstantinidis E, Pappas C. Toward emotion aware computing: An integrated approach using multi-channel neuro- physiological recordings and affective visual stimuli. IEEETrans Inf Technol Biomed. 2010; 14(3): 589-597. PMid:20172835
  6. Shinichi S, Kuman H, Sakan U. Effects of effort and distress coping processes on psychophysiological and psychological stress responses. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 2003; 47: 117-128.
  7. Rustamova T. Situational Excitement Indicators of the Examination Process Influence to the Nervous System in 17 and 20-Year-Old Students in I and IV Courses Depending on Their Types of Temperament. Bulletin of Science and Practice. 2020; 6(8): 55-64.
  8. Yashina ME. Research of students' anxiety in conditions of examination stress. Simvol nauki. 2019; 2: 94-99.
  9. Bazanova OM, Aftanas LI. Individual EEG alpha activity analysis for enhancement neurofeedback efficiency: two case studies. Journal of Neurotherapy. 2010; 14(3): 244-253.
  10. Spitsin AP, Spitsina TA. Heart rate in conditions of neuropsychic stress. Vyatka medical bulletin. 2010; 2: 66-69.
  11. Lila NL. Features of adaptive influences of students with different individual-typological characteristics of mental activity and autonomic regulation of the body. Abstr. PhDr. (Med.). Lugansk; 2015. 147 p.
  12. Hayden EP, Shankman SA, Olino ThM, Durbin E, Tenke CE, Bruder GE, et al. Cognitive and temperamental vulnerability to depression: Longitudinal associations with regional cortical activity. Cognition & Emotion. 2008; 22(7): 1415-1428.
  13. Kesley R, Soderlund K, Arthur C. Cardiovascular reactivity and adaptation to reccurentpsychological stress: replication and extension. Psychophysiology. 2004; 41(6): 924-34. PMid:15563345
  14. Nadezhkina EYu, Muzhichenko MV, Filimonova OS. Following the results of the XII International Scientific and Practical Conference, Part 7, No. 3 (12). M; 2015 Mar 27-28. p. 44-46.
  15. Nadezhkina EYu, Novikova EI, Muzhichenko MV, Filimonova O.S. Influence of examination stress on the functional state of the cardiovascular system and the level of anxiety in students with different types of higher nervous activity. Bulletin of the Volgograd State Medical University. 2017; 2(60): 115-118.
  16. Ivanova AI, Novikova EI Functional state of the cardiovascular system of students of VGSPU of various faculties with different levels of motor activity. Sat articles VI international readings to them VI Vernadsky "Problems of natural science education". Stavropol: Litera; 2012. p. 21-24.
  17. Novikova EI, Mishchenko TV. The functional state of the cardiovascular system in the dynamics of the educational process in girls with different levels of biological maturity. Science and innovations in modern conditions: Sat. articles of the International Scientific and Practical Conference; Magnitogorsk; 2016 Mar 8. In 2 parts. Part I. Magnitogorsk: MTSI OMEGA SANES; 2016. p. 6-7.
  18. Artemenkov AA. Change of vegetative functions in students during adaptation to mental stress. Hygiene and Sanitation. 2007; 1: 62-63.
  19. Golovanova TN, Bakhtina SV, Andreeva SN. Stress management in the life of a student as a subject of educational activity. Bulletin of the Mari State University. 2018; 12(4): 101-106.
  20. Zinchenko SA, Tymchenko SL, Zalata OA, Bogdanova AM, Boyarintseva YuA. Analysis of the peculiarities of hemodynamic parameters during adaptation to the educational process and session among medical students in the transition period to Russian educational programs in the Crimean region. Bulletin of new medical technologies. Electronic edition. 2017; 2: 7-4. Available from:
  21. Khadartsev AA, Morozov VN, Khrupachev AG, Karaseva YuV, Morozova VI. Depression of anti-stress mechanisms as the basis for the development of the pathological process. Fundamental research. 2012; 4 (2): 371-375.
  22. Datieva FS, Urumova LG, Khetagurova LG, Medoeva NO. Features of microcirculation and hemostasis system in medical students during examination stress. Bulletin of new medical technologies. 2009; 16(3): 84-87.
  23. Devaev NP. Influence of examination stress on the regulation of heart rate and bioelectrical activity of the brain of female students. Bulletin of Nizhny Novgorod University Lobachevsky NI. 2010; 2(2): 622-626.
  24. Alkhasov Ya. Soderzhanie i struktura Kurrikuluma kak novoy modeli obucheniya V Azerbaydzhanskoy Respublike [Content and structure of the Curriculum as a new model of education in the Republic of Azerbaijan]. Vitoki pedahohichnoi maysternosti. 2013; 12: 8−14. [Russian]
  25. Aizenk GYu. The number of dimensions of personality: 16.5 or 3 criteria of the taxonomic paradigm. Foreign psychology. 1993; 1(2): 9-24.