ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
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УЖМБС 2021, 6(1): 280–287
Physical Therapy and Ergotherapy

Dynamics of Quality of Life of Elderly People with Frailty and Parkinsonism under the Influence of Physical Therapy in the Postimmobilization Period after Radial Bone Fracture in a Typical Place

Ostapyak Z. M. 1, Starodubtsev S. G. 2

In old age, due to the spread of age-related diseases, there are changes in the functioning of many organs and systems due to and against the background of polymorbidity, which affects the quality of life and requires correction. The purpose of the study was to determine the dynamics of the quality of life of elderly people with frailty and parkinsonism under the influence of physical therapy in the post-immobilization period after fracture of the radial bone in a typical place. Material and methods. We examined 27 elderly people with frailty and Parkinson's disease in the early postimmobilization period after fracture of the distal metaepiphysis of the radial bone (in a typical place). Group 1 engaged in the principles of outpatient rehabilitation with a predominance of preformed physical factors and group 2 engaged in a developed program of physical therapy, created in terms of patient-centric model of rehabilitation taking into account the specifics of each polymorbid condition using functional body training, massage, nutrition correction, expansion of social activity. The effectiveness of the program was evaluated in the dynamics before and after a month of implementation based on the results of the comparison of quality of life on the questionnaire "Medical outcomes study short form" (SF-36). 36 points were grouped into eight scales: Physical health: Physical Functioning, Role-Physical, Bodily Pain, General Health and Mental Health, Vitality, Social Functioning, Role-Emotional. Results and discussion. At the initial examination the examined people revealed a significant decrease in the results of all scales of physical and mental components of the quality of life of the questionnaire SF-36. The parameters of both groups did not differ statistically significantly (p> 0.05). At retesting, the difference between the results of the physical component of health in the primary and re-study on the physical functioning scale for individuals in group 1 was 18.9%, group 2 – 29.0%, role-physical – 19.8% and 35.5%, respectively, bodily pain – 12.3% and 33.1%, general health – 25.8% and 30.1%. The improvement of the mental component compared to the initial result on the vitality scales in patients of group 1 was 14,0%, group 2 – 27,4%, social functioning – 17,5% and 41,3%, respectively, role-emotional – 15,0% and 23,8%, mental health – 20,5% and 30,2%. The results of testing on all scales were statistically significantly better in individuals of group 1 compared with the result of group 2 (p <0,05). Conclusion. Elderly patients with polymorbid pathology and traumatic bone injuries require the development of pathogenetically based physical therapy programs taking into account and correcting the specifics of each disease, increases the overall effectiveness of rehabilitation and, consequently, quality of life

Keywords: rehabilitation, Parkinson's disease, old age, trauma, polymorbidity

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 394K

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