ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 42 of 58
УЖМБС 2020, 5(6): 282–291
Physical Therapy and Ergotherapy

Effect of Physical Therapy on Fall-Risk and Physical Status in Older Adults with Frailty and Metabolic Syndrome

Koval N. P., Aravitska M. G.

The constant increase in the proportion of the disabled or partially disabled elderly population and, accordingly, patients of this age contingent, leads to the need for rehabilitation and physical therapy of persons with geriatric syndromes and various comorbid pathologies. The purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of a physical therapy program based on the dynamics of indicators of the fall-risk and physical status in older adults with frailty syndrome and metabolic syndrome. Material and methods. 96 older adults were examined. The control group consisted of persons without metabolic syndrome and without frailty syndrome. The main group 1 consisted of persons with metabolic syndrome and frailty syndrome who did not express a desire to cooperate with a physical therapist and / or actively improve their health on their own (low level of therapeutic alliance). They were provided with recommendations on the WHO CINDI program (diet modification, extension of household and training physical activity). Main group 2 included patients who showed consent to take active steps to improve their own health under the supervision of a physical therapist (high level of therapeutic alliance). We developed a physical therapy program for them using kinesitherapy, massage, nutritional correction, education of the patient and his family, elements of cognitive training and occupational therapy for one year. The dynamics of the state was assessed according to the results of the Short Physical Performance Battery, hand dynamometry, Senior Fitness Test, the Berg Balance Scale. Results and discussion. Older adults with metabolic syndrome and frailty syndrome demonstrated a high fall-risk (according to the results of a Short battery of physical activity tests and the Berg scale) and a statistically significant lag in physical status parameters (coordination, balance, strength, flexibility, endurance, agility) according to the parameters of the Senior Fitness Test, hand dynamometry, Short battery of physical activity tests) from their peers. These results increase the risk of adverse health effects, loss of autonomy and death. The use of physical therapy in main group 1 subjects led to a statistically significant (р<0.05) improvement in physical qualities, a decrease in the intensity of frailty signs; leveling the fall-risk in them. The low level of therapeutic alliance of persons in the main group 2 led to unsatisfactory fulfillment or non-fulfillment of the recommendations provided and is associated with a lack of improvement in their physical status and a high fall-risk. Conclusion. It is advisable to include physical therapy means in the rehabilitation programs for elderly patients with comorbid pathology of frailty and metabolic syndrome

Keywords: rehabilitation, older age, obesity, insulin resistance, arterial hypertension, geriatrics

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