ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 29 of 58
УЖМБС 2020, 5(6): 202–207
Clinical Medicine

Comparison of the Frequency of Detection of Some Radiological Signs in Chronic Maxillary Sinusіtis of Fungal and Non-Fungal Origin

Shkorbotun Ya. V. 1,2

The one of the most informative method of preoperative diagnosis of fungal paranasal sinuses is computed tomography. The radiological marker that allows to identify chronic sinusitis of fungal origin is an eclipse with hyperintensive inclusions. The sensitivity of this criterion for fungal ball is about 80%. In addition, a sign of recalcitrant chronic sinusitis is the presence of reactive changes in the bone wall of the sinus – "osteitis". The purpose of the work was to study the frequency of radiological signs of osteitis and areas of increased radiological density in the maxillary sinuses of the patients with chronic sinusitis of fungal and non-fungal etiology, to clarify the diagnostic significance of these symptoms in the differential diagnostics. Material and methods. The results of a retrospective study of computer tomography data of 60 people with chronic rhinosinusitis (intraoperative was verified fungal ball in the maxillary sinus space of 30 patients, other 30 patient had no signs of fungal etiology). Results and discussion. In patients with chronic rhinosinusitis of non-fungal nature, hyperintensive inclusions in the sinus were found in 13.3%, and signs of osteitis were detected in 36.7%, which was significantly less common than in patients with fungal processes, 83.3% and 80,0% respectively (p <0,05). The presence of both of the radiological symptoms was observed in 63.3% of patients from the group of chronic rhinosinusitis in the presence of a fungal body in the space of the sinus and in 6.7% of cases the chronic rhinosinusitis of non-fungal etiology. The severity of osteitis according to KOS, in patients with a fungal body in the sinus was 0.71 ± 0.15 points, and 0.55 ± 0.2 points in patients without a fungus. The pathogenesis of osteitis in the cases of sinusitis with fungal origin is a violation of bone trophism, which develops due to periostitis after the influence of biologically active substances secreted by the fungus. The increase of radiation density in areas of osteitis indicates the predominance of osteogenesis over osteolysis in the inflammatory focus of the bone wall of the maxillary sinus. Conclusion. The frequency of detecting radiological signs of osteitis in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis of the maxillary sinus with fungal bodies was 80%, that was comparable to the frequency of detecting hyperintense inclusions in the lumen of the sinus in these patients (83.3%), and was significantly more than in patients with chronic sinusitis nonfungal etiology. The presence of radiological signs of osteitis of the bone wall of the maxillary sinus in computed tomography should be regarded as an additional symptom in the differential diagnosis of maxillary sinusitis of fungal origin

Keywords: chronic sinusitis, osteitis, fungal ball, hyperintensive inclusions, computed tomography

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 268K

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