The article deals with the results of processing data in modern professional domestic and foreign literature concerning one of the most acute problems of the present in medicine-morphological condition of the uterine tubes under conditions of pathology of female reproductive system. The literature has accumulated a considerable amount of data to characterize the main components of the female genital system, functional relationships between them, as well as the links between this system and other systems of the organism. The state of reproductive health is an integral part of the health of the nation in general and has strategic importance for the constant development of society. The nature of changes of demographic indicators in Ukraine shows the need to pay closer attention to the factors which have influence on the birth rate, among which infertility is leading. The condition of female reproductive health depends on the normal functioning of the uterine tubes. Diseases of mucous membrane of the uterine tubes conditioned by the action of viral, bacterial, hormonal factors, antigens, toxic substances, abnormalities of development, anatomically functional disorders, inflammatory diseases of reproductive organs, transmitted abortions, postnatal complications cause difficult structural changes and as a result to infertility. Chronic inflammatory diseases of fallopian tubes are characterized by a long-term course are accompanied by profound proliferative changes, lead to persistent pain syndrome, menstrual disorders, cause the development of fallopian tubes adhesions and obstruction as well as disorders of reproductive and sexual life. The researchers focus their special attention on various anatomical changes in the walls of the uterine tubes, therapeutic and surgical treatment (acute and chronic salpingitis), anatomically functional disorders, full or partial obstruction of the uterine tubes because of infiltration, obliteration of their walls, peristalsis disorders, lesion of structure of local immunity of mucous membrane of the uterine tubes. Conclusion. Morphological changes of structural organisation of mucous membrane of the uterine tube under conditions of pathologic processes in organs of female reproductive system, postoperative complications, negative influence of toxic substances, medications and narcotic remedies in the present create not only medical and social problem but first of all demographic. This is why the organization of activities directed to improvement of diagnostics, prevention and treatment of women with diseases of reproductive system is considered to be the actual problem that needs further study and the ways of solving.
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