ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 32 of 42
УЖМБС 2020, 5(2): 224–228
Physical training and Sport. Medical and biological aspects of training athletes

Changes in Constitutional Indices of Women under the Impact of Fitness Training in «FitCurves»

Karpukhina Yu.

Today, about 1 million 90 thousand people are engaged in fitness, which is 2.6% of the total population. The analysis of the situation in the Ukrainian fitness industry have been made by experts of FitnessConnectUA and gave in the annual «Market research of fitness services of Ukraine-2018». It turned out that the largest fitness network and the largest number of consumers in Ukraine is the US micro-club operator FitCurves. The FitCurves program provides group training with a trainer; they are not tailored to the individual characteristics of each woman. You can do fitness at any free time for a woman, for 30 minutes. Perhaps this attracts most clients who have a constant lack of time. So, we are observing the current trend that the short duration of exercise which determines the choice of fitness club. How effective are these physical activities in correcting women's physique? Material and methods. The article deals with the morphological indicators of women aged from 20 to 69 who have been training cardio-strength training for six months on the FitCurves fitness program. The main morphological indicators which were studied: length, mass and body mass index, girth dimensions and compositional body composition. Results and discussion. The obtained results showed that among the general population of women the percentage of overweight and obese women of varying degrees was increasing with age. Regular FitCurves fitness training resulted in a slight correction of the physique and weight loss, indicating a lack of exercise. After applying aerobic strength training, mean breast, waist and hip circumferences decreased, on average, but these differences were not statistically significant. Reducing the size of the girth under the influence of physical activity was most effective in women aged 40-49 years. In the study of the composite composition of the body, it was found that the average body fat in women of different age groups was higher than normal. When comparing these indicators in ontogeny from young age to old age, an increase of 10% was observed. Women aged 60-69 years had excess fat content. Conclusion. It should be noted that under the influence of aerobic-force physical activity in the fitness club there were no significant changes in morphological parameters and correction of body structure in women. We attribute this to a lack of individual approach and a lack of nutrition by women.

Keywords: сonstitutional figures, women's body structure, girth, fitness club

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