ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 39 of 41
УЖМБС 2017, 2(1): 220–225
Physical training and Sport

Peculiarities of Sexual Dimorphism of Neurodynamic Functions in Judo Players

Кorobeinikova L. H.1, Кorobeinikov H. V.1, Mischenko V. S.1, Radchenko Yu. A.2

The actual question of modern combat sport is the availability of sexual dimorphism of physiological functions during physical and psycho-emotional exertion was analyzed. Recently, training process of elite athletes does not differ between males and females. That is why one can expect that availability of sexuality dimorphism in neurodynamic functions which are connected with the limits of realization of sports achievements. The aim of the paper was to study peculiarities of sexual dimorphism of neurodynamic functions in elite judo players. Materials and methods. 46 elite judo players were involved in the investigation and they were divided into 2 groups: the first group included 22 women; the second one contained 24 men. To estimate neurodynamic functions the next methods were used: «sensory-moving reaction», «reaction of moving object», «endurance of nervous system», «force of nervous system», which include apparatus-programs of psycho-diagnostics complex «Multipsychometer-05». Statistically differences between males and females by neurodynamic parameters were revealed and it was indicated the peculiarities of sexual dimorphism. The results demonstrated statistically differences between various sexes of athletes by meanings of impulsiveness and time limit. This fact indicates that process of visual analyzer on environment related with gender of athlete. It was found that male athletes have increased level of visual information processing and impulsiveness for concerning females. Part from, it was found that the higher performance capacity for processing visual stimuli and impulsivity in men who perform spontaneous moving. The peculiarities of dynamism were manifested by identical results in two groups of athletes. Analysis of the data of balance of nervous process indicates the significant differences of accuracy and stability of visual movement between groups of athletes of different groups. The best indicator of accuracy was found in women. The judo players (females) have the best ability to perform cognitive tasks that require concentration of memory and thinking functions. Stability of reaction on moving object was significantly better in women with higher level of implementation of psychomotor functions. The analysis of endurance of nervous system was demonstrated the better meanings of frequency of touches and stability of movement in males athletes. The increase of variation coefficient of movement in males indicates the decline of level of motor skills during muscular activity. This phenomenon defines the possibilities of formation of functional system which is responsible for the level of perception and information processing. Process of forming of functional system is characterized by searches of new psychomotor functional elements in extreme conditions of sport activities. Conclusion. Peculiarities of sexual dimorphism were observed spontaneously but there are not prepared solutions for motor moving in males. But among females there was found expression of increase level of cognitive functions with decline of level of neurodynamic characteristics.

Keywords: elite judo players, neurodynamic functions, sexual dimorphism

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