ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 47 of 50
JMBS 2021, 6(3): 353–359

Features of Microflora of Food Products of Animal Origin Realized in Dnipro

Sclyar T. V., Pospielova O. O., Cherevach N. V., Dregval O. A., Kuragina N. V.

Milk and dairy products are an excellent environment for the development of microorganisms that can cause various defects in the products and in some cases lead to human disease. Under the action of bacteria, yeast, molds, if the rules of procurement are not observed, transportation, storage and sale of dairy products deteriorate rapidly, lose nutritional value, become dangerous for consumption. The purpose of the research was the monitoring of quality of dairy products sold in the trade network of Dnipro according to the sanitary-microbiological indicators. Material and methods. We analyzed 79 samples of milk and dairy products of different trade mark. 56 (64,5%) samples were not standard indexes from which 10 samples of pasteurized milk, 9 samples of yogurt, 6 samples of kefir, 8 samples of sweet-cream butter, 7 samples of cottage cheese, 6 samples of sour cream and 5 samples fermented baked milk. Results and discussion. The obtained results showed that 19 samples of dairy products contained less viable bacteria, than it was indicated according to sanitary and microbiological indexes. There was the greatest number of nonstandard products among samples of yogurt (6) and cottage cheese (4). The study showed that out of 56 analyzed dairy products 13 contained yeast in an amount that exceeds the standard rates. The largest number of non-standard samples (5) was found in yogurt. In 12 samples the maximum number of molds was exceeded. The highest number of molds contaminated product samples was found among cottage cheese (4), kefir (3) and butter (3). In the presence of sanitary-indicative microorganisms we did not meet the requirements of the normative indicators of 35 samples of dairy products, which was 44.3% of the total number of analyzed samples. Escherichia coli bacteria were found in samples of all types of dairy products. The most contaminated were samples of milk (6 samples), kefir (6 samples) and yogurt (5 samples). Conclusion. Out of 7 types studied most dairy products contaminated by all indicators were yoghurt and cottage cheese. Staphylicoccus aureus was detected in 2 samples of lactic acid products. Pathogenic bacteria, including representatives of the genus Salmonella and Listeria monocytogenes, were not found in none of 79 samples of seven types of dairy products

Keywords: milk and dairy products, sanitary-indicative products, microbiological research, regulatory indicators

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 292K

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