ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 65 of 67
JMBS 2020, 5(4): 470–478
Physical training and Sport. Theoretical and methodical aspects of physical education and sport

Physical Development and Physical Preparedness of Cadets of Engineering Specialties of the Higher Military Institution

Pankevich Y., Afonin V.

In the conditions of modern military conflicts (Anti-Terrorist Operation zone), when the conduct of hostilities is primarily stationary, inactive, specialists from engineering units are important because they build shelters for personnel and equipment, facilities for firing and surveillance, cover and mask explosive positions, build fences and obstacles, arrange water crossings and the like. All this led to increasing the importance of engineering specialties. It should be noted that the development and improvement of the general and special physical fitness of servicemen of various military specialties have been studied by many specialists. They investigated and proposed means and methods for increasing the physical (and combat) readiness of military personnel of mechanized units (infantry), airmobile units (paratroopers), reconnaissance units, peacekeeping units and special operations forces, artillery and tank units, cameramen and others. At the same time, a large group of specialists of the engineering troops with their special professional tasks and requirements for physical fitness remained out of sight of the researchers. The purpose of the study was to determine the level of physical development and physical fitness of cadets of the Higher School of Higher Education, the future specialists of engineering departments, and the impact of the author’s physical training program for cadets of engineering specialties on improving their physical fitness. Material and methods. We used the following methods in our study: theoretical (analysis and generalization of literary sources) to reveal the essence of the problem and determine ways to solve it; pedagogical methods (observation, testing, experiment) to justify and determine the effectiveness of the author’s physical training program for cadets of engineering specialties; methods of mathematical statistics for processing experimental data and assessing reliability. Theoretical analysis was carried out by studying the materials of research by scientists over the past 10-15 years. Studies on the physical preparation of many military specialties of various types and branches of the armed forces were worked out. The formation experiment was carried out during the school year with third-year cadets divided into an experimental and control group of 60 people. The level of physical development and physical fitness was determined by means and methods generally accepted in scientific practice. The methods of mathematical statistics based on the EXCEL 2010 program allowed us to determine the average indicators, the error of the average indicator, the reliability of the results, and the like. Results and discussion. The results of our studies proved that a special program of physical exercises aimed at improving strength training and endurance of cadets gave positive results. Thus, the results of the experimental group significantly exceeded the results of cadets in the control group in the majority of indicators of physical development and preparedness of cadets. For example, in pull-ups on the crossbar, the results in the experimental group increased by 45.6%, and in the control group it increased by 15.4%, the deadweight in the experimental group increased by 12.2%, in the control group it increased by 2%. At the same time, the results of the cadets of the control group in the 3000m race significantly increased by 4.5%, while in the experimental they increased by 3%. This can be explained by the long training time of cadets in the control group in running exercises. Conclusion. We recommend to use the tested program of monthly training during the preparation of cadets of engineering departments.

Keywords: author’s program, cadets, strength training

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 762K

  1. Romanchuk SV. Fizychna pidhotovka кursantiv viyskovych navchalnykh zakladiv Sukhoputnykh viysk Zbroynykh Syl Ukrainy [Physical training of cadets of military educational institutions of the Ground Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine]. Monohrafiya. Lviv: ASV; 2012. 408 p. [Ukrainian]
  2. Olkhovyi OM. Kontseptsiia profesiino spriamovanoi systemy fizychnoi pidhotovky kursantiv [The concept of a professionally oriented cadets physical training system]. Suchasnyi stan ta perspektyvy rozvytku fizychnoi pidhotovky viiskovosluzhbovtsiv v systemi boiovoho navchannia viisk (syl) Zbroinykh syl ta inshykh sylovykh struktur Ukrainy: Materialy nauk-metod konf. Kyiv; 2013 Nov 28-29. Kyiv: MOU; 2013. s. 21-30. [Ukrainian]
  3. Kuznetsov MV, Afonin VM, Fedak SS. Fizychnyi stan kursantiv – kandydativ do pidrozdiliv Syl spetsialnykh operatsii Zbroinykh syl Ukrainy [The physical condition of cadets - candidates for the units of the Special Operations Forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine]. Molodizhnyi naukovyi visnyk Skhidnoievropeiskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Lesi Ukrainky. 2016; 24: 30-4. [Ukrainian]
  4. Pankevych Ya. Spezyfika fizychnykh navantazen viiskovosluzhbovtsiv inzhenernykh viysk Zbroynykh Syl Ukrainy. Visnyk Kamianets-Podilskogo natsionalnogo Universytetu imeni Ivana Ogienko. 2019; 15: 110-5. [Ukrainian]
  5. Pankevych YaA, Afonin VM. Do problemy fizychnoi pidhotovky viiskovosluzhbovtsiv inzhenernykh viisk [To the problem of physical training of military personnel of engineering troops]. Suchasni tendentsii ta perspektyvy rozvytku fizychnoi pidhotovky i sportu u Zbroinykh Sylakh Ukrainy, pravookhoronnykh orhanakh, riatuvalnykh ta inshykh spetsialnykh sluzhb na shliakhu yevroatlantychnoi intehratsii Ukrainy: materialy Mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii. Kyiv; 2019 Feb 14-15. K: NUOU; 2019. s. 75-7. [Ukrainian]
  6. Raievskyi RT, Kanishevskyi SM. Profesiino-prykladna fizychna pidhotovka studentiv vyshchykh navchalnykh zakladiv [Professional and applied training of students of higher educational institutions]. Navch-metod posib. K: Nauka i tekhnika; 2010. 380 s. [Ukrainian]
  7. Petrachkov O. Analiz vzaiemozviazku mizh fizychnoiu ta profesiinoiu pidhotovlenistiu u viiskovosluzhbovtsiv riznykh viiskovykh spetsialnostei [Analysis of the relationship between physical and vocational training of military personnel of various military specialties]. Teoriia i metodyka fizychnoho vykhovannia i sportu. 2007; 4: 67-9. [Ukrainian]
  8. Fotyniuk VH. Vyznachennia skladu profesiino vazhlyvykh yakostei maibutnikh inzheneriv–mekhanikiv aviatsiinoi haluzi [Determining the composition of professionally important qualities of future mechanical engineers in the aviation industry]. Visnyk Chernihivskoho natsionalnoho pedahohichnoho universytetu imeni TH Shevchenka. 2014; 118 (2): 244-9. [Ukrainian]
  9. Oderov A, Shlamar I, Baldetskyi A. Systema perevirky ta otsinyuvannya fizychnoi pidhotovlenosti viiskovosluzhbovtsiv Zbroynykh Syl inozemnykh derzhav [The system of verification and assessment of physical training of military personnel of the Armed Forces of foreign powers]. Moloda sportyvna nauka Ukrainy. 2013; 17(2): 109-13 [Ukrainian]
  10. Bamo D, Bensahel N. Dumb and Dumber: The Army’s New Pt TesT. War On The Rocks. Texas National Security Review. 2018 Oct 16 [Electronic resource]. Available from:
  11. Barlas FM, Higgins WB, Pflieger JC, Diecker K. 2011 Department of Defense Health Related Behaviors Survey (HRBS) of Active Duly' Military Personnel. Virginia: Fairfax ICF International: 2013. 325 p. [Electronic resource]. Available from: l-final-department-of-defense-survey-of.html
  12. FM 7-22 “Army Physical Readiness Training”, Washington DC: Headquarters Department of the Army; 2013.
  13. McNab C. Special Forces extreme fitness. Military workouts and fitness challenges for maximizing performance. New York; 2014. 320 p.
  14. Husak OD. Korektsiia psykhofizychnoi hotovnosti viiskovosluzhbovtsiv aeromobilnykh pidrozdiliv do navchalno-boiovoi diialnosti pid chas zaniat z podolannia pereshkod [Correction of physical readiness of airborne military personnel for combat training during exercises to overcome obstacles]. Abstr. PhDr. (Physical Ed&Sport.). Lviv; 2012. 189 s. [Ukrainian]
  15. Kuznetsov M. A physical quality improvement of special operations force candidates by means of a proprietary program. Slobozans’kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik. 2017; 3(59): 60-5. [Ukrainian]
  16. Nastanova z inzhenernoho zabezpechennia Zbroinykh Syl Ukrainy [Decision on engineering support of the Armed Forces of Ukraine]. Kyiv: HSh ZS Ukrainy; 2010. 170 s. [Ukrainian]
  17. Yefremova A, Shesterova L. Organizational aspects of an experimental program for physical education with a strengthened course in professional and applied physical training of future electrical engineers in the railway sector. Slobozans’kij naukovo-sportivnij visnik. 2017; 3(59): 26-33.
  18. Danilov IP. Inzenerna pidgotovka [Engineering training]. Navchalnyj posibnyk Lviv: NASV; 2016. 552 s. [Ukrainian]