ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 18 of 42
JMBS 2020, 5(2): 130–138

Clinical Evaluation of Cheek Thickness Indices and Buccal Corridor Status in Patients with Different Facial Types during Surgical Extraction of Buccal Fat Body

Vovk Y. V., Ruzitzka O. V., Vovk V. Y.

Individual features of the location of buccal fat pad in patients with different types of face should be taken into account to prevent the development of complications at surgical buccal fat pad sampling. Therefore, the purpose of our study was to elaborate the algorithm of clinical examination of patients with different types of face during the preparation of replacing tissue defects with buccal fat pad autotransplantation. Material and methods. We carried out examinations of 69 patients of different gender, age, different types of face in postextraction defects of tissues of alveolar processes. Types of patients’ faces were determined by Prosopic index. Thickness of buccal area was determined by Tobias G. et al., 1994. The clinical study of establishing the value of the buccal corridor was carried out on 17 patients out of 69. Statistical evaluation of obtained values of buccal corridor was carried out using Student criteria. Results and discussion. The study results showed that there was statistical relationship between the results of clinical indicator in patients with different types of face. In particular, in average value it was 8.83±0.77 mm in mesofacial type. Compared with mesophacyals, in brachyfacial it was higher on average by 1.4 times, аnd in dolichofacial lower than average by 1.1 times. The obtained results of statistical comparison of the relative value of the external buccal corridor in patients with different types of face objectively confirm the presence of statistically significant differences between the studied results. On average, dolichofacial patients have more value of this parameter in 1.25 times compared to mesofacial patients and in 1.44 times compared to brachiofacial patients.This confirms that the value of the external buccal corridor can be used for the evaluation of morphological and functional state of lateral parts of the buccal area of patients with different face types for individualized operative approaches for extracting buccal fat pad. Conclusion. The obtained results of scientific and practical analysis indicate the necessity of taking into account their parameters while choosing a surgical approach due to buccal fat pad autotransplantation. These results also proved the need for further extended research.

Keywords: buccal fat pad, autotransplantation, thickness of buccal area, buccal corridor, types of face

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