ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 47 of 47
JMBS 2019, 4(1): 320–324
Physical training and Sport. Theoretical and methodical aspects of physical education and sport

Analysis of Injuries in Sports and their Prevention

Stepanenko O. S., Tomyn L. V., Olkhovyk A. V., Mordvinova I. V.

Sport solves three main tasks: 1) serves as a «mechanism» of getting rid of negative energy, tension and hostility accumulated in everyday and social life; 2) athletes serve as an example for the upbringing of the younger generation; 3) sport is a spiritual institution that uses ceremonies and rituals to support social behavior. The purpose of the study was to characterize the etiology of the sports injuries occurrence and the prospects of optimization and organization of the training process to prevent them. Materials and methods. We analyzed and generalized the information of foreign and domestic scientific-methodical literature, resources of the Internet about traumatizing athletes in different countries of the world. Injuries of joints are predominant (38%, trauma of soft tissues comprise 31%, fractures make up 9%, luxation takes place in 4% of cases. Due to occupational diseases and injuries high-class athletes have to skip from 7 to 45% of training sessions and from 5 to 35% of competition starts. Results and discussion. According to the Fédération Internationale de Football Association, most injuries are the ankle and knee joints. In the US ambulances, for the year, were registered 239 943 injuries, of which 48 806 cases with fractures, 79 384 with gaps and stretching ligaments and tendons, and 5 401 cases of traumatic luxation. Analysis of traumatism during the training process allowed the selection of the following indicators: 1) improper organization of training sessions; 2) insufficient level of theoretical and practical training of the coach (qualification of the coach); 3) incorrectly drawn schedule of competitions (density of competitions without taking into account the time of moving, changes of time and climatic zones, etc.); 4) noncompliance with the rules of competition and low quality of refereeing; 5) inadequate sanitary and hygienic conditions for conducting training sessions; 6) unsatisfactory meteorological conditions; 7) lack of appropriate logistics. Conclusion. Prevention of sports injuries is not a purely medical problem. The prevention of sports injuries is based on the principles of injury prevention, taking into account the characteristics of certain sports. The results of this work should be further used for coordinated work between the athlete, the trainer, the physician, the physiotherapist and the entire team providing a sporting event to reduce the trauma in sport. We see prospects for further research in studying the etiology of sport injuries occurring on the example of athletes and the development of guidelines for their prevention.

Keywords: athletics, rugby, football, athletes, baseball, traumatism, sports

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 198K

  1. Inagamdzhanov TI. Reabilitatsiya bolnykh pri povrezhdeniyakh kolennogo sustava. Sport travma. 2011; 5: 28–35. [Russian]
  2. Bayda LYu, Krasyukova-Enns OV, Burov SYu, ta insh. Invalidnist ta suspilstvo: navchalno–metodychnyi posibnyk. Kyiv: Kanadskyi tsentr vyvchennya invalidnosti; VHSPO «Natsionalna Asambleya invalidiv Ukrainy»; 2012. 216 p. [Ukrainian]
  3. Kalinkin LA, Arkov VV, Milenin ON. Reabilitatsiya sportivnykh travm konechnostey. Meditsina i sport. 2010; 4: 27–8. [Russian]
  4. Nikanorov OK. Problema travmatyzmu v ihrovykh vydakh sportu ta perspektyvy vykorystannya zasobiv fizychnoi reabilitatsiyi. Sportyvna medytsyna. 2015; 1–2: 82–7. [Ukrainian]
  5. Rybak L, Melnykov A. Poperedzhennya travmatyzmu na zanyattyakh z lehkoi atletyky. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Natsionalnoi akademiyi derzhavnoi prykordonnoi sluzhby Ukrainy. Seriya: Pedahohichni nauky. 2016; 3(5): 185–94. [Ukrainian]
  6. Semenyuk OA. Statevo-vikovi osoblyvosti smertnosti naselennya pratsezdatnoho viku ta shlyakhy yiyi poperedzhennya: Dis. PhDr. (Med.). Kyiv; 2015. 203 p. [Ukrainian]
  7. Shalar OH. Praktykum z psykholohiyi fizychnoho vykhovannya: navchalno–metodychnyi posibnyk. Kherson: PP Vyshemyrskyi VS; 2014. 196 p. [Ukrainian]
  8. Al-Atbi A, Kashmiri A, Shaqsi S. Epidemiology of Sport and Active Recreation Injuries Presenting to a Tertiary Emergency Department in the Sultanate of Oman. Emerg Med (Los Angel). 2018; 8: 363.–7548–8–1000363
  9. Aman M, Forssblad M, Henriksson-Larsen K. Incidence and severity of reported acute sports injuries in 35 sports using insurance registry data. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2016; 26(4): 451–62.
  10. Kay M, Register-Mihalik J, Gray A, Djoko A, Dompier T, Kerr Z. The Epidemiology of Severe Injuries Sustained by National Collegiate Athletic Association Student-Athletes, 2009–2010 Through 2014–2015. Journal of Athletic Training. February. 2017; 52(2): 117–28.
  11. Health City Cayman Islands. Sports Injuries Statistics and Facts. Available from:–injuries–statistics–and–facts/
  12. Bueno A, Pilgaard М, Hulme A, Forsberg P, Ramskov D, Damsted C, et al. Injury prevalence across sports: a descriptive analysis on a representative sample of the Danish population. Injury Epidemiology. 2018; 5: 2–8.–018–0136–0
  13. Moses B, Orchard J, Orchard J. Systematic review: annual incidence of ACL injury and surgery in various populations. Res Sports Med. 2012; 20(3-4): 157–79.
  14. Roos KG, Marshall SW, Kerr ZY, Golightly YM, Kucera KL, Myers JB, et al. Epidemiology of overuse injuries in collegiate and high school athletics in the United States. Am J Sports Med. 2015; 43(7): 1790–7.
  15. Schneider S, Seither B, Tonges S, Schmitt H. Sports injuries: population based representative data on incidence, diagnosis, sequelae, and high risk groups. Brit J Sports Med. 2013; 6; 334–9.