ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 18 of 22
JMBS 2017, 2(7): 103–107
Medical and biological aspects of training athletes

Changes in Aerobic Productivity due to the Influence of Non-training Facilities on Representatives of Racetrack Exercises

Koceruba L. I. 1, Golovashchenko R. V. 1, Kuzmenko M. V. 2, Ryabina S. A. 1

Among the factors that determine the level of physical performance of middle distance runners, the aerobic performance is very important. As one of the main indicators characterizing aerobic productivity, namely the capacity of aerobic processes of energy supply, the value of the threshold of anaerobic metabolism acts. The information that is obtained in determining the threshold of anaerobic exchange in athletes is important for solving problems related to the programming of the training process and, moreover, for studying the mechanisms of disturbing the energy supply of the myocardium and skeletal muscles. It is also very important to develop methods for making corrective changes to the training process based on the definition of informative indicators that reflect the main indicators of aerobic productivity, as well as the possibility of using non-training erogenous agents. In the practice of sports training for the evaluation of aerobic performance, widely available tests using a racetrack in natural conditions, one of which is a test developed by F. Conconi, which does not require measurement of lactate level and is based on determining the points of deviation of the heart rate (HRD). The point of HRD can be characterized as the heart rate, above which the acceleration of the formation and accumulation of lactate begins, resulting in the lack of energy substrates developing processes of fatigue. Since the accumulation of lactate can be slowed down by improving energy supply, the interest in ATP-based extra solar therapy is fully justified. In a study conducted in the dynamics of pre-competition mesocycle, there participated 20 athletes specializing in running on medium distances. Athletes by random sampling were divided into 2 groups of 10 people. Participants in the main group used ATP-long for 21 days, and the athlete's control group received placebo. An increase in athletes’ value of HRD indicator in the mesocycle dynamics was established. It was more pronounced when used as an ATP-level energy grantor by athletes of lower sport qualifications. In particular, the rate of HRD in athletes of the main group, having the I category, increased by 11.0% from the initial level, while the candidates for the master of sports – only 8.5%. On the basis of the determination of the F. Conconi test in runners on medium distances, not only was revealed the dynamics of aerobic capabilities of athletes, but also there was a reasonable opportunity to timely correct the training process. Taking into account the close relationship between aerobic performance and muscle productivity, one can assume that one of the possible mechanisms for such an increase is precisely the improvement of energy supply of skeletal muscle contraction under the action of ATP-long. Thus, data obtained from middle-distance runners indicate that there is a positive effect of this metabolic energy-tricky drug on the processes of aerobic energy supply, one of the possible mechanisms of which is the stimulating effect of ATP-long on the functionalities of the cardiovascular system and skeletal muscles.

Keywords: heart rate rejection points index, medical drug АTP-long, myocardium, skeletal muscles, physical capacity, aerobic productivity

Full text: PDF (Ukr) 254K

  1. Volkov NI, Nesen EN, Osipenko AA, Korsun SN. Biochemistry of muscular activity. Kyev: Olympyjskaya lyteratura, 2000. s. 306-405. [Russian].
  2. Gunina LM, Vinnichuk YD, Sukhikh VA, Gulai VS. Efficacy and safety of the use in sports of the metabolic cardioprotector ATP-long. Sovremennye zdorovesberegayushhye tehnologyy. 2017; (2): 57-64. [Ukrainian].
  3. Gunina Larisa, Kostenko Vitaly. Cardioprotectors of direct action in sports: the present and the future. Nauka v olympyjskom sporte. 2016; (4): 44-58. [Ukrainian].
  4. Gunina LM, Vinnichuk YuD, Chikina IV, Golovashchenko RV, Ryabina SA, Kovryga YuI. The influence of ATP-LONG on the parameters of hematologic and biochemical homeostasis in the dynamics of physical activity in athletes. Sciencе: Aktualnye yssledovanyya v nauchnom myre: sbornik nauchnych trudov. 2017; 2 (2), Part 4: 59-63. [Ukrainian].
  5. Drachuk SP. Influence of different modes of physical education classes on aerobic and anaerobic (lactate) productivity of an organism of students. Fizychna kultura, sport ta zdorov'ya naciyi: zbirka naukovich pracz. 2004; (5): 461-6. [Ukrainian].
  6. Mikhailov SS. Sports biochemistry: A textbook for high schools and colleges of physical culture. Moskwa: Sovetskiy sport, 2004. 220 s. [Russian].
  7. Osipenko GA. Basics of biochemistry muscle activity. Kyev: Olympyjskaya lyteratura, 2007. 199 s. [Ukrainian].
  8. Pharmacology of sports. Eds. SA Oleinik, LM Gunina, RD Seifulla. Kyev: Olympyjskaya lyteratura, 2010. s. 9-49. [Russian].
  9. Platonov VN The system of training athletes in the Olympic sport. General theory and its practical applications. Kyev: Olympyjskaya lyteratura, 2004. 808 s. [Russian].
  10. Sirenko VA. Preparation of runners for medium and long distances Kyev: Zdorov'ya, 1990. 144 s. [Russian].
  11. Suslov FP, Popov YuA, Kulakov VP, Tikhonov SA. Running on medium and long distances. Moskwa: FCiS, 1982. 174 с. [Russian].
  12. Wilmore JH. Physiology of sports. Eds. Jack H. Wilmore, David L. Costill. Kyev, Olympyjskaya lyteratura, 2001. 503 s. [Russian].
  13. Chen W, Sandoval H, Kubiak JZ, Li XC, Ghobrial RM, Kloc M. The phenotype of peritoneal mouse macrophages depends on the mitochondria and ATP/ADP homeostasis. Cell Immunol. 2017; pii: S0008-8749(17)30199-5.
  14. Conconi F, Ferrari M, Ziglio PG. Determination of anaerobic threshold by a noninvasive field test in runner. J Appl Physiol. 1982; 52: 869-73.
  15. Davies JA. Anaerobic threshold: Review of the concept and directions for future research. Med Sci Sports. 1985; 17 (1): 6-31.
  16. Gabriels G, Lambert M, Smith P, Hiss D. Will the new Consumer Protection Act prevent harm to nutritional supplement users? S-Afr Med J. 2011; 101 (8): 543-5.
  17. Ng LJ, Sih BL, Stuhmiller JH. An integrated exercise response and muscle fatigue model for performance decrement estimates of workloads in oxygen-limiting environments. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2011; 7: 1234-41.
  18. Nyberg M, Hellsten Y. Reduced blood flow to contracting skeletal muscle in ageing humans: is it all an effect of sand through the hourglass. J Physiol. 2016; 594 (8): 2297-305.
  19. Ramos-Filho D, Chicaybam G, de-Souza-Ferreira E, Guerra Martinez C, Kurtenbach E, Casimiro-Lopes G, Galina A. High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) Induces Specific Changes in Respiration and Electron Leakage in the Mitochondria of Different Rat Skeletal Muscles. PLoS One. 2015; 10 (6): e0131766.
  20. Rosano GM, Barbaro G. Metabolic therapy: an important therapeutic option for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Curr Pharm Des. 2008; 14 (25): 2519-20.
  21. Young DR, Appel LJ, Lee S, Miller ER. The effects of aerobic exercise and T’ai Chi on blood pressure in older people: results of a randomized trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1999; 47: 3277-84.