ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 20 of 43
JMBS 2017, 2(2): 118–121
Clinical Medicine

Adaptation of People with Different Meteosensitivity Levels to Physical Exertion

Somkina E. A., Chesnakova D. D., Hloba N. S., Vaschuk N. A.

This article examines the adaptive response of the body’s cardiovascular system (CVS) to physical activity. The choice of this theme for research is associated with the development of meteopathological reactions, which have a significant contribution to the formation of many pathological processes. This primarily concerns with the development of disadaptive and pathological disorders of the cardiovascular system. Cardiovascular diseases are the most common and they are sufficiently presented in the available literature, but adaptive reactions of the CVS to meteofactors are insufficiently explored to date. Physical activity is one of the most significant factors which affect the state of the CVS. It increases the activity of various components of a functional system that enforces muscular work. The examination discovered a group of people that respond to changes in meteorological conditions among the students of Medical University. Based on obtained results, there were two groups such as with low and average levels of meteopathy. The definition of features of adaptation to physical activity was conducted by cardiac stress test with graduated physical exercise. Arithmetic mean values of hemodynamic parameters were obtained. According to these parameters the correlation analysis was conducted, as well as the processing of the results with a view of their further comparison. In order to compare people with varying degrees of severity of meteopathy, the body state was studied at rest, after physical activity, as well as special attention was drawn to indicators of recovery period. Each stage of this study involves a comparison of individuals with varying degrees of meteopathy and justification of changes in these indicators. On the basis of the conducted research of hemodynamic parameters the analysis of the following values was carried out - minute blood volume and proper minute blood volume, total peripheral resistance of vessels and proper total peripheral resistance of vessels. The basis for this research is the comparison ratio of small blood volume and proper small blood volume for the purpose of demonstration of differences in adaptive responses of the heart in different groups in the period of recovery. Some deviation from the norm has been identified and justified. The article provides the calculation data of the deviations mentioned above and their occurrence is specified. Special attention is paid to tolerance of physical activity and features of the recovery period. Research data allowed concluding about the duration and effectiveness of rehabilitation period in patients with different levels of sensitivity to weather fluctuations.

Keywords: meteosensitivity, meteopathic reactions, adaptation to physical activity, cardiovascular system

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