ISSN 2415-3060 (print), ISSN 2522-4972 (online)
  • 11 of 43
УЖМБС 2017, 2(2): 66–70
Clinical Medicine

Changes of State of Cardio-Vascular System in People with Different Levels of Meteosensitivity

Vaschuk N. A., Prudenko M. U., Hloba N. S., Kurbel A. A.

Physiological meteosensitivity is characteristic for a healthy person with good reserve abilities, and in case of weakening of the body, disease, stress, duration and intensity of the factor, pain sensitivity arises. Students are also at risk, since changes in the system of education from school to university, increasing mental exertion, changing the social environment contribution to the development of unfavorable functional states, as a consequence of increasing the level of situational meteorological response. The aim of research was to study the mechanisms of dynamic reaction of cardio-vascular system in medical students to geophysical surroundings in form of meteosensitivity and to invent the recommendations for prevention of meteopathic reactions development and improvement of adaptation to different exertions. Materials and methods. The examination was done among 318 students of 1-2 course of Kharkiv National Medical University aged 17-21. Heart rate was determined by palpation method, arterial blood pressure. It was measured using method of Korotkov. Meteosensitivity level was determined based on examination results using 4-points scale. Evaluation of cardiovascular system state was made by measurement of blood pressure in dynamics in conditions of different activity of weather factors and geomagnetic surroundings. Results. The study revealed that 54% of students do not have meteorological dependence, 23% of students have the 1st degree of meteorological dependence, the 2nd and the 3rd degrees respectively - 14 and 9%. The most characteristic signs of the manifestation of meteopatic reactions were changes in the state of the cardiovascular system, manifested by a decrease or increase in systemic arterial pressure, accompanied by uncomfortable sensations (headache, dizziness, palpitations and unpleasant tingling in the heart), the level of which is directly related to the degree of meteosensitivity. Recommendations were developed to reduce the level of meteorological dependence and the degree of manifestation of meteotropic reactions.

Keywords: meteosensitivity, meteopatic reactions of the cardiovascular system, students, adaptation of the organism

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